KADRIORG AND KADRIORG PALACE
Kadriorg is an attractive, premium area of Tallinn with its historical centre: the imperial summer residence was founded by Peter I. The streets of Kadriorg are an original architectural museum in which centuries and various cultures are bound. Next to the modest wooden profitable houses one can see magnificent summer residences and summer manors, refined functional structures and the ancient Russian style small houses constructed for the servants of the Kadriorg palace as well as Peter I cottage.
In 19 century Kadriorg was a fashionable resort where the members of the imperial family had a rest and restored the health. The resort was also visited by the rich and the noble of Petersburg as well as the prosperous residents of Revel. The swimming baths, salons and restaurants have been constructed between the palace and the sea. Following Peter I decree, the access to park Kadriorg has been opened at all times for everyone. Nowadays park Kadriorg is rather representative area of the city and an attractive place for living. It is a favourite leisure area of townspeople. The residence of Estonian president, embassies of some countries (Vatican, China, Ukraine, and Czech Republic), several museums, including Art museum KUMU, the biggest in Estonia, are situated here.
«Peter I, by the divine favour the emperor of All Russia, ordered to construct a house for him on this location in Revel in July, 1718». These words are written on the memorable plate built into a wall with an imperial double-headed eagle and the initials of the head architect Niccolo Michetti and his Russian assistant Michael Zemtsov.
Like a typical Italian villa the palace consists of three parts. The main building and the wings are raised upon a podium. All three constructions are adjoined by walls-lattices decorated with a balustrade; there is also a small fountain with a mascaron in the centre. The palace’s walls are finished by a plaster decor.
Although the head architect Niccolo Michetti was an Italian, the main plan of the palace testifies the French influence: the palace’s wings are jutting out towards a flower bed. There is also a compromise between Italian and French samples in the disposition and the functions of premises. According to the French palace etiquette the tsar’s and tsarina’s private rooms were located in the palace’s wings. Peter’s I office and a cloakroom were arranged in northern wing to see the sea. The Emperor’s bedroom was settled in the walk-through parlour suite of rooms behind a facade. Offices occupied the wings and a ground floor, where there was also a palace kitchen.
On 22 July 2000 in the restored palace the Kadriorg Art Museum, a branch of the foreign art collection of the Art Museum of Estonia, has been opened.
Additional charge: the entrance tickets to the museum 6,5 EUR/person + transfer 20 EUR (round trip).